x [ gz ] exam, exact, exist, example
x [ ks ] expect, next, execute
x [∫] anxious, bisexual, complexion

Буква x делает слог закрытым, следовательно гласная в

этом случае произносится в соответствии с правилом

чте­ния в закрытом слоге:

axe [æks ] - топор

exercise ['eksqsaz ] - упражнение

1. Прочитайте слова:

exam, examine, exact, exist, example, exhibit, exotic, exaggerate

except, exception, expect, excite, excess, excel, extract, ex­ceed,


next, complex, fax, wax, box, telex, excuse, saxophone, axiom, export, experiment

anxious, bisexual, complexion

base, bake, baize, bathe, beige

cat, cot, cut, curt, cart, court, colt

feel, fill, fell, fall, full, fool, fail, foal, file, foul, foil, fuel, ferry, fan, few, fat

leaf, half, calf, proof, surf, life, strife И БУКВОСОЧЕТАНИЙ, Ralph, waif, safe, grief

stiff, cliff, sniff, gaffe, off, bluff, fluff

show, shock, shy, shame, should, shoulder, shoes, shelf

Persian, mission, nation, wishing, machine, patient, station, motion, ocean, pressure, precious, pressure, finish, furnish, wash, rubbish, push, crash, harsh, leash, mesh, ash, bush, punish

garage, rouge, beige, vision, invasion, erasure, closure, measure, pleasure, usual, division, revision, collision, inclusion, illusion, provision, explosion, leisure

2. Сравните:

t - d p - b s - z
bit – bid set – said fat – fad not – nod but - bud cap – cab hip – nib hop – sob cup – bulb loop - club hiss – his loss – lose pass – pose nice – boys less - dogs

s - θ s -∫ s -∫
sick – thick sin – thin И БУКВОСОЧЕТАНИЙ sing – thing song – throng sought - thought save – shave sock -shock see – she sort – short sip – ship mess – mesh crust – crush puss – push person – Persian

v – f f - θ f - v
van – fan veal – feel vast – fast veil – fail vine – fine fought – thought firm – thermal roof – Ruth half - hearth leaf – leave safe – save life – alive calf – carve stuff – starve belief – believe proof - prove

n - ŋ k - g
pan – pang pin – ping sin – sing sun – sung thin - thing back – bag dock – dog lock – log lick – league Dick - dig

3. Какие буквы не читаются в следующих словах:

light, weigh, know, calm, who, which, what И БУКВОСОЧЕТАНИЙ, whose, could,

should, would, discovered, useful, named, machine, right,

wrong, comes, buy, one, build, ought, more, design, though,

properties, these, placed, indicate, answer, every, theatre,

guide, guarantee, exhibition, league

4. ~ Прочитайте и переведите текст:

Winter, spring, summer and autumn are the seasons of the year.

December, January and February are winter months. The weather is cold. It often snows. The days are short and the nights are long.

March, April and May are spring months. It is a very nice season. The weather is warm and fine. It sometimes rains but the sun shines brightly.

June, July and August are summer И БУКВОСОЧЕТАНИЙ months. It is hot or warm. The days are long and the nights are short. People have their holidays in summer.

September, October and November are autumn months. It is cool. It often rains. The rains are cold. In September the academic year begins.

On December 22 we have the shortest day and the longest night of the year. On that day winter begins.

On March 21, when the day is as long as the night, spring begins.

On June 22 we have the longest day and the shortest night of the year, and summer begins.

On September 23 the day is И БУКВОСОЧЕТАНИЙ as long as the night. On that day autumn begins.


spring summer autumn a month rain весна лето осень месяц дождь brightly cool to shine (shone, shone) ярко прохладно светить

5. ~ Прочитайте и переведите без словаря интерна­

циональные слова:

public meeting, plenary session, international conference, congress, symposium, assembly, jubilee committee, status, procedure, limit, resolution, declaration, registration, organization, association, opposition, debate, discussion, speaker, orator, opponent, delegate, delegation, candidate, presidium

policy, politics, protest, visit, municipal council, campaign, television, constitution, tendency, position, title, Ministry, President, Prime-Minister, monarch, monarchy, Republic, colony, dominion, alliance, discrimination